Everyone will completely love their family. No matter what happened to their family member, if they really love their family, they will always try to help them. Do you love your family so much? Why do you love your family so much? We know that family are those people who have such a close relation with us. When we are down or we have so many kinds of problems in our life, we will have them who always support us. So, it is very important for us to keep the good relation with our beloved family.

Sometimes, we do not know what happened in the future. We do not be able to predict what will be happened to us in the future. That’s why we need to always have the good support with our family no matter what condition that we will face. If you face the hardship in your life, you will have such a family that will always be there for you. Then, if one of your family members also face the hardship in their life, you need to support them too.

Let’s say one of your family members should have the deal with the law considering the criminal case. We know that this kind of condition will be such a hard condition to be faced by your family. Well, you can help them by finding the best lawyer. For the criminal lawyer Oakland, you can choose Louis J. Goodman as the best lawyer. He is very experienced in handling this kind of case and he has been trained well for the best cases ever. If you are interested to use his service, what you need to do is contacting him for helping your family dealing with the criminal lawyer faced by your family member. You can see his site if you want to have the best deal for solving the problem of your family member.

In order to lead a healthy and satisfying lifestyle for you and your family, you must work to pay the bills, keep a roof over your head and feed the household. While working is a necessity, it can be difficult to do if you are suffering from any pre-existing conditions that affect your current work situation.

Unfortunately, if you are suffering at work from any pre-existing conditions, you may be confused as to whether or not you will receive worker’s compensation when you have to take time off or are injured at work. Sometimes the battle can be lengthy and difficult to receive the compensation you feel you deserve. To ensure that you can and will receive worker’s compensation, there are a few things you can do to back your situation.

Know the Laws

Knowing the laws on worker’s compensation is a great place to start before you decide to file with your employer for this case of action; because the laws can vary from state to state and within each business. Some businesses are more likely to provide worker’s compensation with a battle, while others may need to be reminded about the laws regarding compensation. The more you know about how these laws and guidelines will affect your ability to receive compensation for previous injuries, the more you’ll be able to stick up for yourself in the battle.

Get Legal Help

It doesn’t always come to this, but sometimes getting legal help can be one of the easiest ways to deal with the issue of receiving worker’s compensation. Employers aren’t always willing to provide compensation for injuries that were not sustained at work, but if you’re suffering or your injuries are resurfacing due to work-related tasks, there is a higher chance that you will win a battle for worker’s compensation. A qualified and experienced legal team has been down this road before and will know all the ways that you can qualify for compensation. They will stand by your side and help you understand every step of the journey.

Keep Focused

It can be draining to constantly fight for something you feel you deserve, but it’s important to stand strong if you are seeking workers comp for a pre-existing condition. Many times, while it can be a difficult thing to achieve, you may wind up getting the justice you deserve, which is worth it for many individuals suffering from these problems. Without giving up, putting in the effort and fighting for your compensation will eventually pay off if it is within the guidelines of the laws.

The decision to file bankruptcy is not easily made. Quite often, it’s filled with stress and sleepless nights to determine whether bankruptcy is indeed the best path. However, bankruptcy is not a simple process and is often met with many roadblocks. Additionally, you may also need to consider an affordable bankruptcy attorney to ensure the process is correctly handled. There are many benefits to hiring an attorney, which can help ease the stress from filing.

1.) At times bankruptcy may not be your only option. Talking with a professional bankruptcy attorney can direct you to available options and ensure you’re on the right path. The goal is to get a fresh financial foundation to alleviate the stress and pressure from creditors. An attorney provides the greatest insight.

2.) A home foreclosure can be devastating, and if you wait too long to file bankruptcy, it could be too late to save your home. If you own property or other major assets, it’s best to talk with an attorney before the pressure becomes too great. The right form of bankruptcy can protect these investments.

3.) If you’re confused about the types of bankruptcy to file, an attorney can provide you with necessary information. Each has benefits for specific consumers; you’ll need to understand the minute details to correctly file.

There are some people who became fired from their job under illegal terms. There are workers also who find their work environment unpleasant because of harassment and discrimination. Employment issues such as wrongful termination must be fixed accordingly. It is far better to seek lawful assistance from expert employment attorney nyc to acquire favorable result.

Labor law, also coined as employment law, is created with the objective of defending the employees from dangers and unjust treatments. this isn’t a one-sided law as the rights of the employers are also protected. There are many legal requirements that comprise the employment law. With that, it’s important that have a trusted lawyer that could present good legal counsel. Because of their expertise in employment laws, NYC employment attorneys can help workers in building a strong case.

With regards to legalities, a lawyer’s services is very important. A lawyer who has an extensive knowledge and experience employment related issues can help a worker in working with the situation effectively. Companies are aware that they are at risks for legal problems that is why they also employ a group of legal experts that could help them sort out any trouble with the law.

Furthermore, the NYC employment attorney will assure that their client will come prepared before the court. If you have a trusted lawyer, you can still fight for your rights even when you’re against a big company.

Almost all employment attorneys NYC have been doing work in their field for quite some time already. They ensure that they help keep themselves updated with the updates on employment law so they can prepare things in order. They know the worth of your job as a result, they would like you to have the payment that you deserve in case you were terminated unlawfully. Almost all NYC employment lawyer will hear out your story first, and the legal problems you are experiencing. After which, the lawyer will need to dig further to your story so as to make a strong evidence against your company or co-workers.

Obtaining assistance from employment attorneys is a wise action to take as they are the right person whom you can run to whenever your rights are violated. They’re the professionals which will certainly face the defendants before the court.

One benefit of obtaining the services of new york employment lawyer is that they can guarantee you that you will receive just payment from the damages that the other party have caused you. With an employment lawyer, you can probably obtain the job you love as you fight for your rights. Those who don’t have a background on the legal system will definitely find this matter confusing. Don’t quit your fight since you can rely on reliable employment lawyers to assist you attain the justice you deserve.

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Do you really need a quick bank loan? Will be your credit history trashed due to personal bankruptcy or home foreclosure? Luckily, it is possible to have the financial loan you need. Payday loans are good should you can’t get dollars somewhere else. In this article, you will discover some suggestions and helpful advice to make use of when you are considering a pay day loan.

If you realise yourself wanting income easily, recognize that you will be having to pay a lot of attention by using a cash advance. These rates is often calculated greater than 200 percentage. Lenders that do this typically use every loophole they are able to to pull off it.

A single essential suggestion for anyone seeking to take out a pay day loan will not be to just accept the very first give you get. Online payday loans are not all the same and although they have unpleasant rates, there are a few that are better than other people. See what sorts of gives you may get then select the best 1.

Always be certain the regards to the loan are obvious an that you just fully grasp them fully. Pay day loan companies that don’t give you all the details at the start ought to be eliminated as they are possible frauds.

If you’re consistently utilizing payday cash loans to help make comes to an end meet up with, you may want to make use of a money administration service to find out of what you can do to take care of your money. When used improperly, online payday loans can make an inescapable pattern of pricey personal debt.

Today, there seems to be a payday loan business on every area, offering you cash. This type of loan is incredibly small, and normally fails to require a extended approach in becoming accepted. This sort of financial loan is a which can be quick-termed. Because these financial loans are brief terms, the costs are substantial, nevertheless they come in convenient.

Usually make time to look into a possible loan company with regard to their reputations, complaint past and customer reviews. There are lots of that are good and moral, but many aren’t honest. If there are customer complaints, find out if the company reacted.

Take into account that you possess specific legal rights by using a cash advance assistance. If you feel you have been taken care of unfairly with the loan provider in any respect, you can submit a issue along with your state organization. This really is to be able to pressure these people to comply with any policies, or problems they neglect to meet. Always read through your commitment meticulously. So you know what their commitments are, along with your personal.

In case you are in the military, you might have some added protections not accessible to typical debtors. Federal rules mandates that, the monthly interest for pay day loans cannot go over 36Percent yearly. This is nevertheless pretty high, however it does cap the fees. You can examine for other support first, although, when you are inside the military services. There are a variety of military aid communities willing to supply assistance to armed forces staff.

It is a excellent training to consider the most effective financial loan prices prior to filling in payday loan apps. Assess on-line deals with those offered by brick-and-mortar stores to see if you can look for a far better deal. This will help conserve money and time on your payday loan.

Check the rates before, you make application for a pay day loan, even if you require cash poorly. Frequently, these loans include unbelievably, high interest rates. You must examine diverse payday cash loans. Select a single with affordable rates of interest, or look for another way to get the amount of money you need.

For those who have gotten a payday advance, you must understand which they want your information. The pay day loan workplace will need your contact number for your home cell phone, your cell phone and your host to career. The vast majority of loan companies ask for three personal referrals together with phone numbers.

You must be careful and steer clear of crooks that function within the disguise of your online pay day loan company. Normally scammers have comparable brands to organizations with excellent standing and providing greater conditions. Their target is to obtain details of your stuff for unethical purposes.

Given that you’ve read through every piece of information, you have to know that payday loans are often very significant. Keep studying if you believe you should know more about payday cash loans. Keep these things under consideration prior to choosing getting a payday advance.

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Payday cash loans are only as critical as any other type of loan. Generally seek information before you make this type of monetary determination. This will help know understand what you need to count on. Please read on for more information information about pay day loans.

For a lot of people that need to get cash and are unable to, pay day loans may help. Even so, before you take out a payday advance, you ought to be confident you recognize what you’re getting started with. Payday loans have high rates of interest and a number of service fees, which often ensures they are difficult to repay.

Irrespective of what you are doing, if you must get yourself a payday advance, only get it done one-by-one. Will not visit a number of pay day loan companies, and try to get personal loans. This can create a never ending period of monthly payments that create destitute and bankrupt.

Know what APR means prior to agreeing into a pay day loan. APR, or yearly proportion price, is the volume of interest the organization charges in the loan while you are paying out it rear. Though payday loans are fast and hassle-free, assess their APRs together with the APR charged from a bank or perhaps your visa or mastercard firm. Almost certainly, the payday loan’s APR will be much higher. Question precisely what the paycheck loan’s rate of interest is initial, before you make a conclusion to borrow anything.

If you’re seeking a very good payday loan, look for loan companies that have fast approvals. When the business can’t say yes to your loan instantly, these are probably using an antiquated system and aren’t really worth your time and efforts.

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The phrase of most paydays loans is all about 14 days, so ensure that you can perfectly reimburse the money for the reason that length of time. Breakdown to repay the loan may result in costly charges, and charges. If you think that there exists a possibility which you won’t be able to shell out it back, it is greatest not to get the payday loan.

In case you have any important things, you might want to think about taking these with anyone to a pay day loan provider. Sometimes, cash advance service providers will let you safe a payday loan against a priceless product, for instance a component of great jewellery. A secured payday advance will often have got a lower rate of interest, than an unprotected payday loan.

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I’s a smart idea to use a strong history to pay again your financial loans. This will be significant, as settlement record is taken into consideration when identifying if they should give to someone in the future and just how significantly they are likely to offer. This is why using the same loan provider whenever is important.

To summarize, monetary concerns can sometimes call for they be cared for inside an immediate method. For this kind of conditions, a fast bank loan may be required, for instance a pay day loan. Merely keep in mind payday advance tips and advice from earlier in this article to acquire a pay day loan to suit your needs.


Taking into account the complexity of life,different histories culture and different structures of values, the woman’s question despite basic solidarity, needs to be tackled in relation to the socio-cultural situation. The novels of Bharati Mukherjee are self actualising. Quest for the definition of self and search for identity are the main features of her women who are seen caught in the flux of tradition and tradition and modernity. Neither can they completely detach themselves from their part, nor do they have any certitude in the future. Bharati Mukherjee has interceded reworked the study of feminism in her writings. Central to her vision in The Holder Of The World, Wife and jasmine are issues related to women. Feminism in her works has something of What Caroll Smith Rosen Berg (1979) argues is -the emotional segregation of women and man, which brought about, led to the development of a specifically female world(137)-. The network of female world comes to us not only in Mukherjee’s novels but also in her collections of Short Stories. She advocates many faces of feminism encompassing agitation for equal opportunity, sexual antonomy and right of self determination.


Mukherjee’s fiction convinces us that gender is a multifaceted category open to change and variation, and reinforces, what Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing had suggested-that particular forms of female marginality must be examined in relation to the conditions of women’s lives-as immigrants, minorities, wealthy, poor, black, white, sex workers, maids, or academics (quoted by Rayaprol 135). Mukherjee’s depiction of women and their different relationships portrays the dominance of patriarchal practices in traditional society, as well as the forms of liberation and empowerment which are available to women in their diasporic situation. Mukherjee’s female characters are real, modern lifelike. They are typical representatives of young woman particularly of The Third World countries who cherish the dream of emigrating to America for higher education and higher wages, and then after arrival there, aspire to settle there permanently. Their situations and the difficulties they face are also realistically portrayed. In nearly, all stories there is a fixed pattern. In the first part of each story, the focus is on narrating the situation of an immigrant who is in the process of immigration or settling down and in the second part who is in the process of immigration or settling down and in the second part the protagoinst is invariably given to making love with a partner of the opposite sex who is rooted in the American soil.


1. Chapter I Introduction 2. Chapter II Portrayal of Women IN -The Tiger’s Daughter- 3. Chapter III Portrayal of Women IN -Wife- 4. Chapter IV Portrayal of Women IN -Jasmine- 5. Chapter V Portrayal of Women IN -The Holder Of The World- 6. Chapter VI Portrayal of Women IN -Leave It To Me- 7. Chapter VII Portrayal of Women IN -Desirable Daughters- 8. Chapter VIII Portrayal of Women IN -Tree Bride- 9. Chapter IX Portrayal of Women IN -The Short Stories- 10. Conclusion 11. Bibliography (i) Primary Sources (ii) Critical Studies On Bharati Mukherjee

Chapter I


Bharati Mukerjee is a significant woman novelist. She was born on 27th July 1940, in a Bengali Brahmin family of Calcutta. Her father’s name was Sudhir Lal Mukherjee. He was a pharmaceutical chemist. Her mother, Bina Mukherjee was a housewife. Mukherjee spent her first eight years as a member with her parents and two sisters in a joint family . She lived with her parents and two sisters in London for about three years. in 1951 the family returned to Calcutta and she joined the English -speaking Loreto, convent school, run by Irish nuns. Mukherjee and her sisters were chauffeured to the convent school quite, Characteristic of this clash of Bengalis, the family “westernized” in the sense that English education was valued.

In 1958, Mukherjee’s father lost her partnership in the factory and moved him family to Baroda. Bharati Mukherjee completed her B.A. (Honours) English at university of Calcutta in 1959. She took her M.A. degree in English from the university of Baroda in 1961.She went to the University of obtained an MFA in creative writing in 1963 and a Ph.D. in English in 1969.

In the University of Iowa Mukherjee met Clark Blaise, a Canadians fellow student at the university of Iowa. She married him in 1963. She lived in Canada from 1966 to 1980. She got Canadian citizenship and lived in Toronto and then in Montreal. She held teaching portions at MC Gill university and Concordia university. She migrated to the U.S.A. in 1980 with her family and become a U.S.A citizen in 1988. She was awarded the “Prestigious Shastri Indo Canadian Institute Grant” during the year 1976-77. She was a recipient of “Guggenhein Foundation Award” in 1978-79 and “Canadian Government Award in 1982.” She also won the first prize from “Periodical Distribution Association in 1980” for her short story “Isolated Incidents”. Mukherjee has also been honoured with the “National Book Critics Circle Award” for her short stories collection. “The Middleman and Other Stories in 1989”. Her other works are. Her creative five novels are: “The Tiger’s Daughter (1972), Wife (1975), Jasmine (1989), The Holder of the world (1993) , Leave It to me (1997), Desirable Daughters (2002) and The tree Bride (2004) and two collections of short stories : “Darkness (1985)” and ” The Middleman and Other Stories (1988)”. Her husband, Clark Blaise, helps her in her fiction. He is an American – Canadian author. He teaches also in the English department of Columbia university.She has co-authored with her husband two non-fictional works: first is ” Days and Night in Calcutta” in (1977), and second is ” The Sorrow and the Terror”


Portrayal Of Women In -The Tiger’s Daughter-

The Tiger’s Daughter reflects the confrontation between illusion and reality. Tara, the protagoinst was packed off by her father at early age of fifteen at America, because he was prompted by suspicion and pain for his country. Tara is homesick in Poughkeepsie. Little things pained her. She sensed discriminaton if her room mate did not share her mango chutney. She defended her family and her country vehemently. She prayed to kali for strength, so that she would not break down, before the Americans. It was fate that she fell in love with an American. This novel begins with a reference to fate and astrology. It seems a device adopted by the writer around which she can weave her plots. Tara’s husband David was painfully Western, she was dutifully devious in her marriage. She could not communicate the finer nuances of her family background and life in Calcutta. Her husband asked nave questions about Indian Customs and Traditions. She felt completely insecure in an alien atmosphere. -Madisson Square was unbearable and her husband was after all a foreigner.- After a gap of seven years Tara planned a trip to India, for years she had dreamed of this return. She believed that all hesitations and all shadowy fears of the time abroad would be erased quite magically if she could return home to Calcutta. With the precision of a newspaper reporter, Bharati Mukherjee leads her heroine through a series of adventures and dis-adventures to a final self-realisation and reconciliation. Tara’s homesick eyes noticed may changes in the city of Calcutta. She was outraged, and could not respond to these changes. She longed for the Bengal Of Satyajit Rao , children running through cool green spaces, aristocrats despairing in music rooms of empty places. What confronted her was a restive city which forced weak men to fanatical defiance or dishonesty.

The writer interlinks the events-like Tara’s visit to funeral pyre at the river bank, her meeting with a small beggar girl affected with leprosy, the vision of beggar children eating off the street, the superficialities in the lives of her friends, the riots and demonstrations and her claustrophobic rape by the politician Tuntunwala to bring out the trauma of Tara’s visit to India. Tara’s visit to Darjelling is also marred by ugly and violent incidents. Many of Tara’s doubts and conflicts are resolved by the strength, determination and quite dignity of her parents. AntoniaWhitehead, an American lends Tara a fresher and clearer perspective about her country. Tara realized that her earlier responses to Calcutta had also been similarly impatient, menacing and equally innocent. The visit to the ashram of Mata Kananbala Devi makes her share of love for her mother as well as the worshippers.The Indian dream is shattered but the writer leads the heroine to a final reconciliation. At the end of the novel, Tara is involved in a violent demonstration, in which Joyob Roy Chaudhary, a symbol of the old world is brutally beaten to death. Pronob the youth tries to save him, but is himself injured in the process. This was a course of history, which could not be stopped. -She felt she had made peace with the city, nothing more was demanded.-


Portrayal Of Women In -Wife-

Wife is a story of Dimple Das Gupta, a product of Calcutta’s middle class that values docility and submissiveness in women. From the very beginning we feel that the Dimple is not like a normal girl, she thinks that marriage is a blessing in disguise. It will bring her freedom, fortune and happiness. At last her father Mr. DasGupta married her daughter with Amit Basu. Basu’s house is not attractive, so she does not feel easy there. She doesn’t likes Amit’s mother and sister also. Her mother-in-law dislikes her name -Dimple’ and wants to call her -Nandini’. Dimple Basu has always lived in a fantastic world, a world which is created by herself. But when she confronts the hard realities of life the feathers of her imagination are clipped. Amit was not the man Dimple has imagined for her husband. With the passing of time the excitement of marriage diminishes and she becomes pregnant, She feels a strange sensation. Pregnancy is a boon for Indian women, but Dimple is singular in that -She thought of ways to get rid of -. So she decides to terminate her pregnancy, Only Dimple who can do herself abortion, She never repents her cruel deeds. Inamdar rightly says -Dimple is a psychic study of an abnormal woman-. Dimple wants to do away with the tradition taboos of a wife and she becomes on escapist, lost in her requestered world of fantasy. The killng of a mouse to her is a symbolic suicide of herself. In New York her circumscribed self finds expressions for her frustration in a chilling effect of self assertion- the act being the cold blooded murder of her husband. The name Dimple is quite scintillating and enticing but lexico- graphically it means any slight surface depression. This depression on the surface is again symbolic of the depression within her psyche, which is borne out of her irritable responses to the things around her. Bharati Mukherjee present the world of Dimple. A world of day dreams and nightmares and her morbid psyche through a series of grotesqe images. Dimple’s morbidity is evident while she is still at her parental home in the way she allows her conscious mind to be completely dominated by the colourful romance projected in the advertisements and the stories of magzines. Including herself in sexual fantasies with Cricket Stars, Young Cabinet Ministers and Heroes from novels, Dimple sets out on a long journey of unreal meaningless and morbid existence. Dimple in wife, is symbolized the predicament of a voice without articulation and without a vision. They are visionless because they are voiceless ; they are rootless because they are shootless. Uniquely Indian are superficially westernized, she is basically human. They give vent to their feminine sensibility in their frantic desire for an authentic communication with the self as well as the society.


Portrayal Of Women In Jasmine

Jasmine can be read as a feminist novel where the protagonist rebels not only against age-old superstitions and traditions, but also effects a proper balance between tradition and modernity. The novel is a celebration of the strength of a woman, not her weakness. In a language of emotion and meticulous metaphor using images provided by the woman protagonist the novelist has articulated the many sided pathos and rebellion of contemporary Indian Woman, not only in India but also in New World. In Jasmine a woman comes to terms with her own self. As Sumita Roy points out :- -Jasmine’s search for self-recognition takes her in social and spiritual direction–.till she arrives at a time when she can view the future -greedy with wants and reekless from hope-. From the very beginning Bharati Mukherjee has delineated the Jyoti of Hasanpur (who later on becomes Jasmine, and Jase and Jane ) as a rebel against blind beliefs and superstitions. Early in the novel Jyoti tries to raise herself above such blind belief in fate which is adumbrated by the astrologer thus -fate is Fate-. While scavenging firewood Jyoti gets a star shaped wound on her forhead. That scar becomes her third eye and through an archetypal image (Shiva’s Third Eye) Mukherjee shows that already Jyoti was peering out into invisible words (Now I am a sage-) The third eye gives her a wide and true perspective on life. She learns to look back to the past not like a coward bunkering herself inside nostalgia, sheathing her heart in a bullet-proof vest. For her, even memories are a sign of disloyality. Similarly with her third eye she learns to look into the future with pain and hope and when she embarkes into her final journey in America she is -greedy’ with wants and reekless with hopes. It is as if like Shiva she was swallowed the cosmos whole. Bharati Mukherjee also shows her woman protagonist repudiating centuries – old ugly Indian tradition of checking the boys horoscope.The second archetypal image that Bharati Mukherjee uses to bring out the protagonist’s feminist trait is that of Kali, the Goddess of Destruction. But since in Hindu mythology Kali is an incarnation of Durga, the Godess of Strength (shakti), the image here is more relevant to the strength of a woman like Jasmine who has embarked on a perilous journey to a new world of fulfill her husband’s dream. After her husband’s death in order to reach USA she stows in a boat captained by half-face. But after landing in America when half-face demands his price (nothing less than the satisfaction of his lurtful passions will do) Jasmine in a truly feminist gesture decides to kill the Devil Incarnate and Bharati Mukherjee brilliantly fuses two archetypal image to enact the killing of Kali : The Godess of Destruction and strength and the broken pitcher. This new identity in reality expresses another aspect of the -feminist- in the Indian fiction in English for the true feminist, in my eyes, is the one who has achieved a proper balance between tradition and modernity. In the beginning in America Jasmine lodges with Prakash’s Professorji-Mr. Vadhera. But she feel uncomfortable in Professorji’s house which they have converted into a Punjab ghetto. She wants to get away from the claustrophobic traditional -Indianness’ and Bharati Mukherjee brings out this contrast between tradition and modernity through the contrast between Professorji wife Nirmala and the protagonist Jasmine. Nirmala only takes, Jasmine both takes and gives. That is why she can escape the Indian ghetto in flushing and adopt herself to the patterns of dominant. American culture ( modernity) but that does not mean she throws to the wind her race, her religion , her beliefs (tradition). A true feminist Jasmine, does not hold fast to nostalgia that is dead but maintains certain basic traits of Indian Culture even after imbibing American Culture. Thus even after Jasmine has become Dulf’s day Mummy, a caregiver (not a servant, mind you) in the Taylor household her traditional roots break through again and again. With infinite care Bharati Mukherjee her protagoinst’s gradual transformation but some times there is a conflict between Jasmine’s two selves, one still holding fast to traditional Indian Values of life and the other an adventure in a Capitalistic Culture. But as an apotheosis of true Feminist spirit Jasmine does not hold fast to a -dead nostalgia- and as she tells Taylor about her past, it gets exorcised. She falls hopelessly in love with Taylor but the past comes back to destroy her present when she sees Sukhi, her husband’s murderer in the park and she decides to leave Claremont For Iowa. And here in Iowa Budd Ripplemeyer falls in love with her (and she gets a new identity : Jane Ripplemeyer ) . Budd courts her because for him she is the very embodiment of Eastern mystery. -Budd courts me because I am alien, I am darkness, mystery inscrutability.- Bharati Mukherjee passes the final judgement through her mouthpiece, Jasmine, we are once won over by her scintillating prose, her cadenced rhythm and above all her powerful feminist convictions. -I am caught between the promise of America and old world dutifulness.-


Portrayal Of Women In -The Holder Of The World-

-The Holder Of The World- is a feminist novel. But as far as handling of feminist point of debate is concerned a parallel can be drawn between -The Journey Of Ithaca- and -The Holder Of The World-. -The Holder Of The World- is a story of Hannah Easton a abandoned child came to India in the seventeenth century and imbided herself in its culture. Hannah Easton arrives in India from Puritan Massachusetts and -translates herself’ into the Salem Bibi, the mistress of Raja Jadav Singh. The novel also gyrates around the tale of the Emperor’s Tear, the diamond which Aurangzeb hung in his war tent and which Hannah steals. But history loses the diamond. In the mid-twenteith century Beigh Marters and her boyfriend Venn Iyer of MIT strives to create the greatest -data plasma’ in the world. They ste to unearth something useful from layers of history, life and times of the Salem Bibi and the Emperor’s Tear. Beigh Masters visit the Maritime Museum in Massachussets to lock into the dusty debris of Mughal Miniature Paintings’ goes to auction houses and several historical records and memories. The transmigration of Salem Bibi’s soul through time and space becomes an allegory of Beifg Master’s personal discovery.Flavour of -historical feminism’ is insinuated here and there through the incidents of Hannah’s life. Her mother Rebecca leaves an ineradicable imprint on young Hannah’s mind which she disappears with a Nipmuc–The ultimate unnatural crime of Puritan Life–.She (Hannah) witnessed the fall, not Adam’s fall Rebecca’s fall. Hannah carries claustrophobic memories of the event through out her life. She too later profligates the concept of a proper English lady to become the bibi of Jadhav Singh, who is fighting the Mughals. She was brought up in an orthodox setup of fitch household, gained all the conventional wisdom and housekeeping, developed an obsessive love of needle work. Hannah neither forgets nor forgives her mother’s crime of elopement. She never shares her emotional tumult with anyone. In the Puritan family circle of fitch she could never imagine to talk to her mother. Her husband Gabriel Legge is a colourful raconteur, the swaggering seafarer, he never had time or sensibility to listen to Hannah. He is employed as a factor of the East India Company. Hannah’s fate brings her to India, her marriage with Gabriel emulates her mother’s behaviour. She finds a good friend in Bhagmati, her Indian ayah, who brings to her the glimmerings of understanding of an aged civilization. She narrates fragments from -The Ramayana’. She is attracted to the events of Sita’s life because she proves her purity to her husband and to her society in a trial by fire. The God Of Fire, Agni, embraces her and expels her unscorched. An interesting parallel is that Hannah’s life was also a trial by fire , but unlike Sita she never withstands Agnipariksha for the sake of her husband. Gabriel wanted Hannah to triumph over her Puritan sensibilities and she obliged him, because she loved things of life. Legge joins a group of pirates and during one of his misadventures with Haj pilgrims he is separated from his wife. Hanna escapes with Bhagmati to Panpur under the protection of Raja Jadav Singh of Devgad. Bhagmati and Hannah become the guests of Raja. She steps into a new world of Hinduism. She and Jadav Singh wooed each other. The Nawab Haider Beg despatches his most ruthless commander , Morad farah, to cage Raja, Jadav Singh unsurp the diamond, Emperor’s tear and bring Hannah, the firangi lady. Jadav Singh with no option, bundled Hannah and Bhagmati into a palanquin and a disguised Raja into another. On their way to Nawab the Raja attacked the Mughal army. Hannah eventually kills Morad saves Jadav’s life and brings him back to Panpur. She decides to offer her life to end the war, goes to transact with the Emperor but is taken hostage by him. Whenever, Aurangzeb comes to see her, she is reminded of Ravana the demon king of Lanka in Muslim disguise. Though she fails in her mission for armistice between the Raja and the Emperor, somehow, she purloins the diamond- the Emperor’s Tear. She hands over the diamond to Bhagmati. The diamond is ultimately found by Beigh Masters in a cyberspatial finale. Bhagmati thrusts the world’s most famous diamond into her dying womb. It is in her grave that they find the holder of the world of the seventeenth century. Bharati Mukherjee sees herself as a unique human being and gives message to her fellow female. In -The Holder Of The World-, she suggests two advantages of Women Liberation. Hannah and Bhagmati in -The Holder Of The World- recurrently defy estrangement in the society they live and get the answer in rejecting cultural stereotypes they develop the life of their own outside the home. The Salem Bibi provocates Masters Beigh to unreveal the mystery which surrounded her life and the diamond. Mukherjee devotes her attention to female issues in the historical times as well as in the contemporary society. Mukherjee and Master Beigh involve deeply in the Salem Bibi in making sense from the historical evidences because conventional answers no longer satisfy. They feel social and cultural change in a recursive process and women have to play steering role.

Chapter VI

Portayal Of Women In -Leave It To Me-

The protagonist is a Eurasian Orphan, Debbie Devi who is adopted by an upstate New York family of Italian Origin. Born in India and raised as an adopted child, Devi Dee travels through America to find her bio-mom. By the time she has arrived in San Francisco and taken a band of aging ex-hippies and a psychotic Vietnam Vet, her identity crisis looms large. It leads her to track down her bio-parents in Laxmipur, Devigaon, India, and the orphanage where she raised-the Gray Sisters–Soeuss Grises–Sore Grease-in Mount Abu. She learns from Fred, her hired detective, that her mother was the Hippie follower of a sex-age guru, and her father the founder of the ashram, serial killer Romeo Hawk Haque. The offspring of this unlikely liaison, Devi Dee-presumed missing or dead is saved by nuns and shipped abroad to America, where she is raised as the adopted child of the Di Martino family. Twenty three years later having graduated from Sunny, Albany, she sets out to seek her bio-mom in off-beat California. This novel makes the predicament of the protagonist crystal-clear, Mukherjee deals with the reality of -Time-Travel-. In -Leave It To Me- Mukherjee reverts to her earlier obsession with an exile’s agony.


Portrayal Of Women In -Desirable Daughters-

-Desirable Daughters- follow the diverging paths taken by three Calcutta-born sisters as they come of age in a changing world. Tara, Padma and Parvati were born into a wealthy Brahmin family presided over by their dothing father and their traditionalist mother. Intelligent and artistic, the girls are nevertheless constrained by a society with little regard for women. Their subsequent rebellion will lead them in different directions to different continents and through different circumstances that strain yet ultimately strengthen their relationship. Bharati mukherjee has written a remarkable novel that is both the portrait of a traditional Indian Brahmin family and a contemporary American story of a woman who is in many ways broken with tradition but still remains tied to her native country. This is about three Bengali sisters who grew up in Calcutta and eventually end up in three different corners of the globe leading three different lifestyles. One lives a comfortable life in a posh residential locality in Mumbai keeping herself busy in household chores. Another of the sister ends up New Jersey among the elite class of migrant Indians. The third ends up in the West in California Leading a more pedestrian life after getting a divorce from her business tycoon husband. It’s an interesting tale about how life puts us in different circumstances we hardly imagined ourselves in and how each of us overcomes the challenges that life poses us. -Desirable Daughters- is a melting pot of styles. It’s a middlebrove women’s novel (think an Indian Hannah and her sisters) ; a postcolonial tale life with meditations on belonging and exile, and a thriller, complete with a mysterious stranger and quirky cop. Throw in a touch of Hindu style magic realism and stir. Tara Chatterjee, the afformentioned narrator, is the youngest of three sisters from the wealthy Calcutta family trapped between the old world and the new. At nineteen she was married off to Bish Chatterjee, who became a Silicon Valley Billionare. Now pushing 40, tara is a divorcee living in San Francisco with her teenage son and her boyfriend, a Buddhist earthquake-proofer whose truck advertises him as the -Zen Master of Retro Fit-. Although she left Calcutta decades ago, Tara radar is always on alert, encoding names, manners, and accents whenever she encounters strangers of Indian descent. This ethnic antenna comes in hardy when young man named Chris Dey surfaces, claiming to be the illegitimate son of her eldest sister, Padma. Tara senses there is something fishy about him and call her riblings, hoping to clear up the mystery. These searching conversations with Padma (a multicultural performance artist in New Jersey) and Parvati (who lives in Bombay and, worries incessantly about crime) provide some of the funniest, most astute scenes in the novel. Mukherjee has perfect emotional pitch, nailing the conflicted, sometimes vicious dynamics among sisters. Tara initially describes her family as close ; in reality, she and her sisters routinely whitewash their sadness. -The rules of our transcontinental relationships are instituted, never acknowledged.- Tara admits at one point, – We accept that given the international phone rates, our personal defeats are too banal to waste money on.- When she tries to pump them for information on the mysterious Chris Day, they scold her for tainting their cloistered, halcyon childhood with scandal. After some sleuthing on Tara’s part, she discovers that her father, a religious Brahmin, forbade Padma from marrying her Christian boyfriend, Ronald Dey, she also learns that the man who claims to be Chris Dey may be an importer linked to an Indian gangster syndicate who is targeting Bish Chattrejee’s tech empire. This thriller plotline isn’t entirely convicing because Mukherjee doesn’t take it seriously, mainly using Chris Dey as a device for transporting the specters of the past into the present. She traces a fuzzy line back several generation. -to the decision of Ronald’s grandfather to convert to protestantism and gain favour from the British and lose status with the Hindus.- Or may be even farther back to Tara’s own great grandfather, an educated Bengali who turned his back on colonial society and become a born-again Hindu, setting her family on the path of orthodoxy and repression. From a respected writer of fiction comes a stirring novel of three Calcutta born women, two continents, and a perilous journey from the old world to the new. Mukherjee weaves together stories of the sister’s ancestors, their childhood memories, and dramastic scenes from India’s History. Chapter-VIII

Portrayal Of Women In -Tree Bride-

The -Tree Bride- takes up from her last novel, Desirable Daughters, ended. It’s a second in a trilogy. The protagonist, Tara Chatterjee, is a savvy, cosmopolitian world-traveller very taken with her priveledged life as a Silicon Valley magnate. But when her home is firebombed just as she may be reconciling with her ex, she begins to yearn for home and tradition. A trip back to India rekindles a desire to find her family’s ancestral roots and place in the history of pre-independent India. The novel begins on this note with the most American of all searches : the desire to trace one’s ancestry. Tara is fascinated by an ancestor : her almost namesake, Tara Lata, a five year old girl who was a victim of the archaic custom of child marriage-atradition even her father, a university graduate and lawyer, willingly follows. It is 1879, and Tara Lata’s wedding party is traveling through a dark jungle to rendezvous with the bridegroom’s family, who instead of greeting them hurls curses at the bride, calling her unlucky because the boy bridegroom had been bitten fatally by a snake. To save her from a life of a degradation, widowhood, and shame, Tara Lata’s father -marries- her to the God of the forest, and she becomes the legendary Tree Bride. The young girl retreats to her father’s house and makes it a refugee for the poor, the sick, and finally the fighters for Indian Independence. She is dragged from her home in 1944 by colonial authorities, who announce her death six days later. Mukherjee does not have an aunt like Tara in the family, but she says that -three were many Tara Lata’s married to trees, so that they could have a life on earth, a place in society where they would not be considered outcasts, and a place in Heaven. The ancient Hindus believed that widows are unlucky and would descend to hell.- With ayoung woman trying to find herself and how she fit into her place in the universe, the story traces the British Colonial rule in India, its contributions and its ultimate downfall. While she is struggling with the thought of getting back with her ex-husband and being pregnant with her child, Tara tries to understand her heritage and the actions of her ancestors which may and may not have contributed to the sum total of the person she has evolved into. Every action in the universe has an equal and opposite reaction, nothing in the universe ever gets lost ; everything is connected. The -Tree Bride- is a one person narrative of British history in India. A great deal of detail has gone into recreating the British men who left their homeland to fulfill what they believed was a higher purpose of instilling order and discipline in foreign lands. Mukherjee with her insightful understanding of women nature deep psychological analysis never really succeeds in bringing the deeds British men to life. But she does shine with her evocation of the city of her birth, the Brahmin society’s snobbery and in capturing the intricacies of Tara and her namesake -The Tree Bride-.


Portrayal Of Women In -The Short Stories Of Bharati Mukherjee-

Bharati Mukherjee has written two collections of short

stories namely -Darkness (1985)- and -The Middleman and Other Stories-

(1989). Mukherjee’s Darkness consists of twelve short stories, and -The

Middleman and Other Stories- comprises eleven short stories very varied in

theme and technique. In many short stories of Bharati Mukherjee the

protogoinst are woman who are married or divorced and have an inclination

to from relationships which terminate in several misadventure. These female

characters can be called the liberated women. They pick and mix with men

so freely and satisfy their lust for sensuality and then instead of stopping

their move on to form new arrangements. The traditional view of seeing

these love-relationships terminating in marital unions or well established

love-affairs is nowhere distinctly conceived. On the contrary, their

disorderly conduct and promiscuity raise doubts about their notions and

dream of immigration and settlement in the United State. But one would

certainly be moved by the pathetic situation of kids born of unstabilized

marriages or marriages breaking up too soon making the kids grow into

freaks and emotionally unbalanced individuals. From the traditional way of

thinking of non-American societies, the new world life embraced by the

immigrants may appear to be seriously deficient in a moral system. To be

completely liberated in matters of sex may create more problems than it may

solve. The family life in America may appear to be so very unsecure and


Bharati Mukherjee’s concern with the processes of

effecting transformations of the protagoinsts and other immigrants into

American citizens. Each one of the stories in one way or another turns on the

theme of fulfillment which is brought about almost mechanically without

first developing an appropriate emotional or sentimental matrix out of which

the desire for a matrimonial or love-relationship might genuinely result.

Panna, the protagoinst of The Wife’s Story has walked out of the traditional

Hindu Marriage, left Ahemdabad for Menhattan where she experiences

freedom and individuality. She learns a great deal from the way charity

chin’s lurid love life has -replaced inherited notions of marital duty.-

-The Middleman-, the title story is about the dangerous

career and fortunate survival of the half caste Maria narrated from the point

of an Iraqi observer participant. Mukherjee’s next story -The Tenant’ is

more successful and artistically finished than some of the earlier ones

discussed here, Maya Sanyal, a Ph. D. in Comparative Literature teaches

World Literature at the University Of Northern Iowa. For Maya, -no folly is

ever lost-. For , History is a net, the kind of safety net traveling trapeze

artists fall into, when inattentive or clumsy. Mukherjee’s Jasmine destined to

be developed into a novel a later date, It begins to be a matter of fact way.

Jasmine came to Detroit from Port Of Spain, Trinidad, by way of Canada.

Angella is the short story in Mukherjee’s Darkness , the

short story collection. Angella, the protogoinst tells us the sad story of an

immigrant from Bangladesh who can only dream of love, domesticity,

babies and all the comforts that a doctor’s wife can possibly enjoy in the

new world. Mukherjee’s second short story in this volume -The Lady From

Lucknow- is ironical in theme and technique. Beginning the story with a

surrealistic picturing of a broken heart from the point of view of a small and

possibly shocked girl of four. Mukherjee develops the theme of passionate

love into a major cultural paradex as a Muslim protogoinst matures into a

young and voluptus woman married to an engineer manager name Iqbal Iry.

-The World according to her.- Mukherjee’s next story the protogoinst Ratna

herself the offspring of an international marriage in 1936 (she had a

Czechoslovak mother and a Bengali father), is married to a liberal white

Canadian, probably a WASP. The next story entitled -The Father’ deals with a tricky situation in which the cultural and enthic encounter is not between

individuals but attitudes acquired as well as preserved ; between reason and

superstition. The Indian immigrants-the Bhowmicks are sufficiently

acclutured but not fully assimilated. The parents are horried to knowthat

their brilliant plain daughter, Babil, an Electrical Engineer wants to have a

baby by artificial insemination outside Wedlock. When confronted by the

-fantasising’ father and the shocked mother, the pregnant Babil replies ;

-Who needs a man? She hissed. The father of my baby is a bottle and

syringe. Men louse up your lives. I just want a baby.- -orbiting is a story of

great significance. When brent listens to Ro’s experiences in his home

country Afghanistan , he is for the first time exposed to Third World

Passion. Ro’s beloved Rindy comes to know for the first time that words like

Kandhar and Pamir are not Polish words but important names associated with Afghanistan.


Mukherjee’s female characters are real, modern lifelike. They are typical representatives of young woman particularly of The Third World countries who cherish the dream of emigrating to America for higher education and higher wages, and then after arrival there, aspire to settle there permanently. Their situations and the difficulties they face are also realistically portrayed. In nearly, all stories there is a fixed pattern. In the first part of each story, the focus is on narrating the situation of an immigrant who is in the process of immigration or settling down and in the second part the protagoinst is invariably given to making love with a partner of the opposite sex who is rooted in the American soil. There is little or no consideration that the sexual adventure of the female protagoinst with the male member of may amount to adultery or cause serious protest from the housewife. In fast, while such adulterous transactions are carried on freely and even promiscuously, the housewives take them as normal behaviour. The moral norms do not exist at all, or that sexual ptomiscuity is a socially recognized fact. The world then appears so ordained as to give, both man and woman equal dignity and equal freedom. It would then appear to be a world in which neither of them is seriously restrained or bound by obligations towards the children or to the collective family life. The stories have the form of the sonnet in the sense that while the first part develops the situation, the second part suddenly takes a decisive through expected turn culminating in the passionate, amoral adventure. By this sudden switch over to thesensual romantic theme, the story seem to develop a tendency towards the pornographic.


Those days are gone , When love and compassion was shown, Now it is display of mankind, Intrigues and conspiracies without mind, Where such kinds of love will be found, He receives his friends in many a way, Where sun can be shown of hope but not a single ray, A figure of clay will a mundane game play, Where such a literary figure will be find, Who will show such kind of display of mankind ————————————————————————-

BUBBLE BY HARPRASAD SHARMA EDITED- DR. RAM SHARMA False attachment to worldly things, Nothing but pain and sorrow brings, Cling not to earthly things that seem, to sages like an empty dream, This body which is made of dust, Will one day like a bubble burst A frame which is subject to decay, Why grieve for that in such a way?


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Intelligent m88 asia sport falling sports info: Finally the western end zhihou, this summer, ThunderDurant in the next season also became worth discussing, and many people think, the Thunder will still Durant, but according to the announcement, apparently now hassupport groups, many weizhi is concern but in the Thunder seems, most of your competition can rival will be the Warriors, after all had small messages go, Thomas had to Durant had issued inviting recruitment, if the right messages, so that next season, Durant‘s gone really well to determine.


But after finishing the Western Conference finals, Durant said he felt very sad at the time, and there is a great benefit to still be retrieved a, Durant, this will not be accepted and Durant said, he would storm and the team. Then, it says in this series, it canbe concluded that, if the Thunder next season determined to leave Durant, Durant probably will not consider the ownership of other teams.

However, Durant go next season, doesn’t seem to have any fear, and as long as her agent, who will find a place for him, and not have to worry about next season no team will throw the olive branch. And Durant said that they will accept comments, andnot according to their own thoughts. However, Durant said at least now, they still don’t know whether next season will stay in Oklahoma City, and do not know where you want to go next season.

But the scramble of Durant didn’t stop, West of distinction at the end of the game, the teams had to scramble for Durant, including not just the Lakers, warriors, and so on. But Durant in Oklahoma City also Link vao M88 accounted for the possibility of a bigger opportunity.